A normal blood pressure is of vital importance for the organism since it depends on the correct supply of blood and oxygen to the vital organs. Generally, hypotension occurs in people with hypertension, diabetes or pregnancy. The most common symptoms are dizziness, weakness, lack of concentration and even fainting. It is usually associated with a bad diet or spending a whole day without eating, high temperatures or cardiovascular diseases. If the low pressure is not treated in time it can cause irreversible damage to organs and even death. Therefore, you must be very careful if you feel or notice in another person the symptoms mentioned above.
People over 60 are more vulnerable to a crisis of low pressure. However, it is also common in younger people. If you tend to have constant low blood pressure it is important that you see a doctor as soon as possible to rule out some serious pathologies. You should also take your blood pressure at least every year or more often if you suffer from hypotension or hypertension. Low blood pressure may seem like a simple discomfort; however, it is something that you should be very careful about, especially if you are pregnant or suffer from hypertension or diabetes.
Poor nutrition is also a factor that influences hypotension. Performing physical activity without breakfast or eating foods low in sodium can cause blood pressure to decrease. Therefore, it is very important to have a balanced diet before working or playing sports, especially if the pressure drop is related to diabetes.
You may be interested about… What is normal blood pressure?
How to raise blood pressure at home?
If you or someone around you has suffered a drop in pressure, do not be alarmed, but you have to act fast. If you feel dizzy, faint or feel that you are going to faint, you should first sit down or stand in an aired place and follow the directions you will see below.
- Lie on a comfortable piece of furniture and elevate your feet above the level of the heart or also with help of someone like you can see in the picture below.
- Drink water: Hydration is important to increase the volume of blood and promote blood pressure.
- Drink coffee: A cup of hot coffee will give you enough caffeine to increase your blood pressure. But you should not take it too much, as it can cause dehydration.
- Eat a piece of chocolate: Cocoa has components that raise blood pressure. However, the excesses are not good.
- Sleep with your head slightly raised: This remedy works very well, but if you suffer from a cervical condition it is not a good option.
- Perform mental exercises: Keeping the brain active helps raise blood pressure. Solving crosswords or sudoku is a fun way to raise the pressure.
- When leaving, always have a salty biscuit, bread or nuts: These will raise your pressure and alleviate the feeling of weakness, thanks to its high sodium content.
- Take a glass of orange juice: Its high content of vitamin C will control its pressure and prevent dehydration.
- Wear compression stockings: These will help to disperse the blood accumulated in the veins.
- Avoid alcohol and cigarettes: Alcohol, far from helping you, causes the pressure to decrease and become dehydrated. Cigarette smoke is also harmful to those who suffer from hypotension.
- Stay away from hot places and stay in a cool, well-ventilated place.
- If your low blood pressure is related to diabetes, eat a candy or a caramel.
- Do not stand still for a long time.
It is important that you take into account the problems related to hypotension before proceeding with treatment, either with drugs or in a natural way. If you are going to resort to a drug you need to consult a doctor to know the side effects. As for food, it is not good to abuse them.
Treatment with medicines: Consult your doctor if there is any medication that can help you to increase the pressure and what are its side effects. Among the most common medications are fludrocortisone, which is very indicated for hypotension caused by standing for a long time, and midodrine. Both help to expand the blood vessels, which increases the pressure.
If you are hypertensive or suffer from cardiovascular disease, you should consult your doctor about the possibility of taking drugs. If the low pressure is related to pregnancy it is better to resort to home remedies.
If your pressure drops are very frequent, ask your doctor for tests to rule out other diseases such as cardiac arrhythmias, diabetes, heart failure, bleeding or if it is related to a medication you take, such as antidepressants, diuretics or analgesics. Some components of these drugs can lower blood pressure. If you cannot stop taking them, do not stop eating well during the day and keep hydrated to activate circulation. Chronic hypotension can seriously affect several vital organs such as the brain and kidneys.
How to raise the low pressure immediately in case of fainting?
If the pressure drop has complicated to cause a faint, you must act quickly, following these tips:
- Lay the person and not necessarily try to revive him. It is advisable to place a support on the legs, like a chair, to make blood flow to the brain. It’s important that the place is ventilated.
- If the person has lost consciousness, lay him/her on its side to prevent the tongue from suffocating it. This way it is on one side and does not prevent the passage of air.
- Check that the person breathes before proceeding to reanimate. In case that his/her vital signs are well, it is not necessary to perform any resuscitation maneuver.
- Unzip the garments that are pressing the body of the affected person, after a few minutes.
- If the person does not come to their senses after 5 minutes, call the emergency department to receive the appropriate treatment.