Blood pressure is a blood function that is the force in which the blood is sent through the veins to each organism of the body, regulating the cardiac flow, the total volume of blood circulating through the body, the resistance and the heart rate, and other important activities for the function of the body.
High blood pressure, also known as Hypertension, is a disease that is considered chronic, characterized by an increase in blood pressure, being one of the most known cardiovascular diseases, but not very detectable in people, due to the fact that in most cases may not present symptoms and their diagnosis is given thanks to a correct measurement of blood pressure. In addition, we all have blood pressure values that are different from other people, as factors such as our age, sex, weight, etc. influence it.
It is also a disease that can cause death if it is not treated in time. However, there are no defined high blood pressure symptoms that can help us identify it, so in this article we will explain some details that may allow us to identify a hypertensive person.
Some symptoms of high blood pressure
As we have already explained, it is difficult to determine a hypertensive person when the symptoms are usually unpredictable or variable. It is also normal that people with high blood pressure do not have any characteristic symptom, even when they have the value of pressure at high levels. At the moment, there are some signs that can alert us, so we must be vigilant when we or someone else has the following conditions:
- Nasal bleeding.
- Great difficulty breathing.
- Pains in the nape area.
- Excessive sweating or a sensation of heat in cool, cold places.
- Vision failures and red spots in the eyes.
- Other signs such as ringing in the ears, lack of sleep, etc.
Another way of being able to determine hypertension in time is to make a continuous measurement of the values of the pressure, because when noticing a significant rise even when these do not present the aforementioned symptoms will allow to act in time to avoid with the pass of the time health problems.
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Symptoms of high blood pressure in pregnant women
Pregnant women are also prone to suffer hypertension when during the gestation period they don’t take into account the doctor’s recommendations such as: take care of their diet, maintain the necessary rest, avoid stressful or strong activities, etc. Another factor would be of a genetic nature, when the fetus presents a malformation and that is why the mother begins with the characteristic symptoms of the person suffering from high blood pressure, all of which are present mostly in the last trimester.
Among the symptoms of high blood pressure in a pregnant woman we have the following:
- Swelling in legs and feet.
- Abdominal contractions, which are not labor contractions.
- Systolic blood pressure of more than 140 (mmHg).
- Pain in the area of the head and neck.
- Vision problems.
Among these symptoms, it is extremely important to mention that some have a “normal” classification, that is, even some effects such as swelling of the legs and feet, stomach aches and changes in blood pressure may be suffered by people with low blood pressure or by women who are not hypertensive, due to the changes that the body suffers during pregnancy. High blood pressure is usually maintained in pregnant women, so it is necessary that at the time of these symptoms, the pregnant woman take the blood pressure level to rule out doubts.
If the pregnant woman suffers from high blood pressure after 20 weeks, she should see her specialist doctor, because if that’s not treated in time it can cause serious problems until the baby dies as well as the mother’s.
Symptoms of severe hypertension
When we reach the moment when high blood pressure has reached a high level, the consequences in the organism become serious for the hypertensive patient who begins to suffer from severe pains in the chest area, difficulty in breathing and can end up in a heart attack. It is often difficult to determine what the symptoms are for mild hypertension, but in the case of severe high blood pressure they can be identified in the following ways:
- Strong pains in the chest (Pre-infarction in most cases)
- Infarction (Main consequence of high blood pressure).
- Extreme paleness and sweating.
- Vision loss.
In view of the present symptoms, it is important to see the doctor immediately, to avoid serious problems that may affect the quality of life of the patient and end in a terrible tragedy that affects both physically and psychologically. Although it has been shown that most of these symptoms appear in the most serious situation, it is necessary to have a sphygmomanometer (blood pressure meter) at home and take the pressure constantly, even at times when none of them is present, to rule out other related problems with the deficiency of blood flow.
Treatments and care to be taken after presenting the symptoms of high blood pressure
When you have the suspicion of knowing that you are hypertensive or your blood pressure usually increases considerably, you need to go to a doctor to help you determine what medicines or care you must take so that your blood pressure can be kept at safe levels.
It is important to keep our blood pressure regulated, for this some ways of doing it are the following:
- Maintain an adequate weight with the help of a balanced diet.
- Exercise daily; Most exercises that include the chest area help the heart maintain a constant rhythm of blood flow.
- Avoid the consumption of tobacco and alcoholic beverages, as well as avoid salt.
- Try to have a controlled schedule to sleep, and thus fulfill your necessary sleep hours, avoiding sleeplessness.
- The consumption of medications is important, some are taken consistently for a lifetime. For this the doctor must establish which are appropriate.
- If you are pregnant and have high blood pressure, lie down and maintain proper breathing.
- Avoid stressful activities by taking a break and relaxing.