All about high blood pressure in pregnancy

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High blood pressure in pregnancy

Pregnancy is a very delicate state, where the woman must take all the necessary care to be able to maintain a constant balance of tranquility and care, so that she can develop a healthy baby for 9 months. However, it is not a secret that pregnant women are the most likely to suffer diseases related to blood pressure, which can lead to develop what we call hypertension.

Pregnant women are at risk of severe hypertension and become hypertensive after 20 weeks of pregnancy, which is the time when the heart is most stimulated so that it starts to pump blood much faster than normal, causing the blood flow to begin to collide with the veins and they contract, causing the passage of blood to increase in speed and quantity, which in the end will end up raising the values of blood pressure. In this way, hypertension begins to develop.

From here we start to know everything that is important to have a control over blood pressure in pregnant women, as they not only suffer the symptoms at higher levels, but also carry with them diseases and problems at a psychological and physical level, causing devastating consequences, from the death of the baby to the death of the mother. That is why this article will be responsible for reporting everything related to high blood pressure during pregnancy; how to identify it and how to act quickly in cases of emergency.

Symptoms of high blood pressure in pregnancy

There are symptoms that help us to define when a person of middle age suffers from hypertension, but we must take into account that not all symptoms are the same and that they differ for each type of person, this happens with pregnant women, who being in that condition their symptoms may differ as follows:

  • Headache, this includes dizziness.
  • Discomfort with the sight.
  • Listen to permanent noises such as ringing in the ears.
  • Swelling in the area of the feet and legs.
  • Fainting.
  • Extreme weight gain.

The curious thing about these symptoms is that the majority does not manifest in its entirety. It is usually very common that they may suffer from high blood pressure, but they cannot determine it because the symptoms are usually imperceptible. It is also common for other types of symptoms such as the appearance of extreme varicella, edema or weight gain, as well as belly pain (not to be confused with contractions).

You may be interested in a complete article about… Symptoms of hypertension



Causes of high blood pressure in pregnancy

The causes of hypertension in women are few, but they focus on important points where the woman should have the most control during the waiting time. Among them we have the food; the consumption of nutrients necessary to nourish and strengthen the fetus is very important, as this can ensure a good quality of life at the time of birth, if the woman does not eat properly or worse, suffers from malnutrition, then she has the risk of finish all the important nutrients that the body stores for other functions of the body to distribute them, causing it to begin to weaken and as a consequence result in high blood pressure.

Other causes are associated with genetic diseases such as diabeteshormonal problems or in other cases with obesity, which are causes to achieve an increase in blood pressure. This can occur mostly in a range of 20 weeks of gestation in first-time mothers due to the changes that the body undergoes for the first time to prepare to house the fetus inside the uterus.

It should be taken into account that the normal values of blood pressure in pregnant women range between 120 to 130 mmHg (systolic pressure), during the first trimester a low tension can be presented on the necessary average, but during the second trimester it normalizes and increases again when the time of delivery approaches; this is normal. The concern must be taken when the tension maintains a high level and has not shown signs of having gone down, accompanied by symptoms such as:

  • Blurry vision.
  • Muscle pains.
  • Physical discomfort.
  • Fainting or strong dizziness.


 What they can diagnose when there is high blood pressure in pregnancy

In pregnancy, there is a great risk of contracting diseases or serious consequences through the hypertension that is suffered during the months of pregnancy, affecting not only their quality of life but also the life of the baby.

Preeclampsia is one of the most common complications due to high blood pressure, which is also the main cause of mortality of pregnant women in the world in a range of 5 affected women in 10 pregnant women. It is characterized by affecting the main organs such as the kidneys, the bladder, the liver and in more severe cases affects the functionality of the brain and blood, preventing it from sending nutrients and oxygen. Its main cause is hypertension that occurs through pregnancy, which by not being controlled can cause the death of both lives during the time of the childbirth, if the woman survived could suffer from heart disease, severe damage to important organs and suffer from hypertension problems, as well as the baby.


This has three phases of development, being the same preeclampsia the last of the phases, which are cataloged as follows:


  • Chronic hypertension: It is when the pregnant woman has suffered from high blood pressure long before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It is undetectable, since often the affected one does not present the symptoms in a visible way and feels well. To achieve this, it is necessary to make a constant check of blood pressure, which when you notice that it remains elevated or even worse, increases more, you should go immediately to an obstetrician.
  • Chronic hypertension with pre-eclampsia already superimposed: When the woman reaches high blood pressure at 20 weeks, she begins to suffer symptoms and severe pain, such as weight loss, loss of nutrients and proteins through urine, higher levels of blood pressure, momentary loss of vision and inability to move. Here some organs begin to fail in a considerable way.
  • Preeclampsia: Already in this phase the damage can be considered irremediable, as well as the body of the pregnant woman begins to present visible signs of deterioration such as: convulsions, profuse nasal bleeding, fevers and in some cases death.


With this also presents other for the development of the fetus complications can be: premature birth, underweight, and placental abruption which may result in suffocation.


Treatment to control high blood pressure in pregnancy

During pregnancy, there is some fear in the desire to consume certain drugs that help blood pressure problems, as some are so aggressive that they can affect the health of the baby. Normally you can only take certain medications with certain doses necessary to avoid problems, only if they are previously prescribed by the specialist.

But in addition to this, there are activities and small exercises that help the body stay calm to prevent blood pressure from increasing every day. For that you can start by:


  • Maintain a balanced diet rich in nutrients, including fruits, juices, foods that contain omega 3, potassium and iron. Avoid foods with sodium and sugar or moderate them.
  • Perform a daily exercise routine for 30 minutes to control weight, or you can try yoga and meditation to control stress.
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages and drug use.
  • Go to medical consultations with the obstetrician so that he can recommend blood pressure medications to you and take them promptly, not abusing them. Not taking them can lead to serious consequences that accelerate preeclampsia.

Apart from these tips it is recommended that you take your blood pressure measurements at home, taking a count of your own, in which you can compare your values daily and detect any abnormalities in time. Before taking any home remedy or medication it is recommended to consult with your specialist.

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